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Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Field Theory PDF Author: Tian Yu Cao
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521602723
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
Multi-author volume on the history and philosophy of physics.

Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Field Theory PDF Author: Tian Yu Cao
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521602723
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 424

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Book Description
Multi-author volume on the history and philosophy of physics.

Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics

Conceptual Foundations of Modern Particle Physics PDF Author: Robert Eugene Marshak
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810211066
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 708

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Book Description
For scientific, technological and organizational reasons, the end of World War II (in 1945) saw a rapid acceleration in the tempo of discovery and understanding in nuclear physics, cosmic rays and quantum field theory, which together triggered the birth of modern particle physics. The first fifteen years (1945-60) following the war's end ? the ?Startup Period? in modern particle physics -witnessed a series of major experimental and theoretical developments that began to define the conceptual contours (non-Abelian internal symmetries, Yang-Mills fields, renormalization group, chirality invariance, baryon-lepton symmetry in weak interactions, spontaneous symmetry breaking) of the quantum field theory of three of the basic interactions in nature (electromagnetic, strong and weak). But it took another fifteen years (1960-75) ? the ?Heroic Period? in modern particle physics ? to unravel the physical content and complete the mathematical formulation of the standard gauge theory of the strong and electroweak interactions among the three generations of quarks and leptons. The impressive accomplishments during the ?Heroic Period? were followed by what is called the ?period of consolidation and speculation (1975-1990)?, which includes the experimental consolidation of the standard model (SM) through precision tests, theoretical consolidation of SM through the search for more rigorous mathematical solutions to the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations, and speculative theoretical excursions ?beyond SM?.Within this historical-conceptual framework, the author ? himself a practicing particle theorist for the past fifty years ? attempts to trace the highlights in the conceptual evolution of modern particle physics from its early beginnings until the present time. Apart from the first chapter ? which sketches a broad overview of the entire field ? the remaining nine chapters of the book offer detailed discussions of the major concepts and principles that prevailed and were given wide currency during each of the fifteen-year periods that comprise the history of modern particle physics. Those concepts and principles that contributed only peripherally to the standard model are given less coverage but an attempt is made to inform the reader about such contributions (which may turn out to be significant at a future time) and to suggest references that supply more information. Chapters 2 and 3 of the book cover a range of topics that received dedicated attention during the ?Startup Period? although some of the results were not incorporated into the structure of the standard model. Chapters 4-6 constitute the core of the book and try to recapture much of the conceptual excitement of the ?Heroic Period?, when quantum flavordynamics (QFD) and quantum chromodynamics (QCD) received their definitive formulation. [It should be emphasized that, throughout the book, logical coherence takes precedence over historical chronology (e.g. some of the precision tests of QFD are discussed in Chapter 6)]. Chapter 7 provides a fairly complete discussion of the chiral gauge anomalies in four dimensions with special application to the standard model (although the larger unification models are also considered). The remaining three chapters of the book (Chapters 7-10) cover concepts and principles that originated primarily during the ?Period of Consolidation and Speculation? but, again, this is not a literal statement. Chapters 8 and 9 report on two of the main directions that were pursued to overcome acknowledged deficiencies of the standard model: unification models in Chapter 8 and attempts to account for the existence of precisely three generations of quarks and leptons, primarily by means of preon models, in Chapter 9. The most innovative of the final three chapters of the book is Chapter 10 on topological conservation laws. This last chapter tries to explain the significance of topologically non-trivial solutions in four-dimensional (space-time) particle physics (e.g. 't Hooft-Polyakov monopoles, instantons, sphalerons, global SU(2) anomaly, Wess-Zumino term, etc.) and to reflect on some of the problems that have ensued (e.g. the ?strong CP problem? in QCD) from this effort. It turns out that the more felicitous topological applications of field theory are found ? as of now ? in condensed matter physics; these successful physical applications (to polyacetylene, quantized magnetic flux in type-II low temperature superconductivity, etc.) are discussed in Chapter 10, as a good illustration of the conceptual unity of modern physics.

Conceptual Foundations - E-Book

Conceptual Foundations - E-Book PDF Author: Elizabeth E. Friberg
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323266207
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 463

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Book Description
Conceptual Foundations: The Bridge to Professional Nursing Practice, 5th Edition provides the background you need to succeed in your role as a professional nurse. It discusses the concepts that define the nursing profession, covering everything from the history of nursing to current challenges in the profession. Expert educators Joan L. Creasia, PhD, RN, and Elizabeth E. Friberg, MSN, RN, bring together the best minds of nursing for an in-depth look at the profession's major theories, practices, and principles. Vignettes, each written by a practicing nurse, open each chapter with a specific scenario and application of professional behaviors. Critical Thinking Exercises at the end of each chapter help you to use and apply what you've learned. Objectives at the beginning of each chapter provide a framework for study. Key points at the end of each chapter help you focus on important information. New Patient Safety chapter prepares you for expanded nursing responsibility for patient safety, adherence to regulatory requirements of the Joint Commission, and the implementation of best practices to create health care that is safe, timely, effective, efficient, equitable, and patient-centered. New Genetics and Genomics in Professional Nursing chapter defines the nurse's role in family history assessment and genetic testing, explains how genetic testing is used in clinical practice, and identifies ethical issues related to this emerging practice.

Conceptual Foundations - E-Book

Conceptual Foundations - E-Book PDF Author: Joan L. Creasia
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323310281
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Best known for its conceptual approach to nursing practice, Conceptual Foundations: The Bridge to Professional Nursing Practice, 6th Edition gives you the foundation you need to prepare for your role as a professional nurse. Expert educators Elizabeth E. Friberg and Joan L. Creasia bring together the best minds of nursing for a unique in-depth look at the profession's major theories, practices, and principles. Complete with three all-new chapters and updated content throughout, this expanded sixth edition challenges you to think critically and conceptually. In addition, new Evolve resources mean you can do more online than ever before. Critical thinking exercises at the end of each chapter help you use and apply what you have learned. Case studies throughout the text provide you with opportunities to develop your analytical skills. Objectives at the beginning of each chapter provide a framework for study. Profile in Practice scenarios at the beginning of each chapter introduce real-life situations that accompany the professional behaviors covered in the text. Key points at the end of each chapter reinforce learning objectives and help you focus on important information. NEW! Three all-new chapters bring you the latest information on telehealth in nursing practice, information management, and global rural nursing practice. UPDATED! Integrated and updated information on Health Care Reform Initiatives. UPDATED! Health Policy and Practice and the Nursing Practice Environment chapter features new content on the 2010 Affordable Health Care Act. UPDATED! 2010 Institute of Medicine (IOM) Future of Nursing (FOM) recommendations discussed in Beyond Professional Socialization chapter. UPDATED! Patient Safety chapter offers expanded coverage of QSEN competencies, including Nursing Quality Indicators. UPDATED! Health and Health Promotion chapter now covers the Healthy People 2020 and 2020 National Health Promotion Initiative. UPDATED! Concept of "group think" added to Think Like a Nurse: Essential Thinking Skills for Professional Nurses chapter. UPDATED! Legal Aspects of Nursing Practice chapter features the most up-to-date content on delegation, transferring authority, responsibility, accountability, nurse fatigue, criminalization of unintentional errors, use and abuse of social media and lateral violence.

The Conceptual Foundations of Investing

The Conceptual Foundations of Investing PDF Author: Bradford Cornell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119516323
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
The need-to-know essentials of investing This book explains the conceptual foundations of investing to improve investor performance. There are a host of investment mistakes that can be avoided by such an understanding. One example involves the trade-off between risk and return. The trade-off seems to imply that if you bear more risk you will have higher long-run average returns. That conclusion is false. It is possible to bear a great deal of risk and get no benefit in terms of higher average return. Understanding the conceptual foundations of finance makes it clear why this is so and, thereby, helps an investor avoid bearing uncompensated risks. Another choice every investor has to make is between active versus passive investing. Making that choice wisely requires understanding the conceptual foundations of investing. • Instructs investors willing to take the time to learn all of the concepts in layman’s terms • Teaches concepts without overwhelming readers with math • Helps you strengthen your portfolio • Shows you the fundamental concepts of active investing The Conceptual Foundations of Investing is ultimately for investors looking to understand the science behind successful investing.

Conceptual Foundations of Antitrust

Conceptual Foundations of Antitrust PDF Author: Oliver Black
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139448080
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This is a philosophical study of concepts that lie at the foundation of antitrust - a body of law and policy designed to promote or protect economic competition. Topics covered are: the nature of competition; the relation between competition and welfare; the distinction between per se rules and rules of reason; agreements; concerted practices; and the spectrum from independent action to collusion. Although there are many legal and economic books on antitrust, this is the first book devoted to the philosophical scrutiny of the concepts that underpin it. No prior knowledge of philosophy is presupposed. The book is primarily directed at students, theorists and practitioners of antitrust, but will also be useful to lawyers, economists, philosophers, political scientists and others who have an interest in the discipline.

Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy Practice

Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy Practice PDF Author: Gary Kielhofner
Publisher: F.A. Davis
ISBN: 0803623488
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 315

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Book Description
PREPARE YOUR OT STUDENTS TO BECOME OT THINKERS. Thoroughly revised and updated, the 4th Edition of this groundbreaking text traces the historical development of the foundations of modern occupational therapy theory; examines its status today; and looks to its future. Dr. Kielhofner compares and contrasts eight well-known models, using diagrams to illustrate their practical applications and to highlight their similarities and differences. Well organized chapters are supported by extensive references.

Studies on the Conceptual Foundations

Studies on the Conceptual Foundations PDF Author: Ervin Laszlo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483151565
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Book Description
Goals in a Global Community: The Original Background Papers for Goals for Mankind: A Report to the Club of Rome expounds on the idea of a global community by analyzing the human predicament in terms of the diverse images of possibility that drive our differing national and social behaviors. More specifically, it asks whether humanity can create a global community with apparently conflicting, and yet so fundamentally similar, goals. This volume is comprised of 12 chapters and opens with a discussion on long-term trends and the evolution of complexity, suggesting that socioeconomic systems may be more effectively understood in light of dissipative systems. The following chapters explore the historical evolution of mankind's inner and outer dimensions; how to make sustainable economic growth a global possibility; the possibilities of changing motivation as well as finding motivation to change; and why social motives are the strongest driving forces behind change of goals for the global community. The book also proposes solar energy as a permanent clean source of abundant energy in a fully ordered and economically feasible global transition. The final section argues that the Club of Rome must continue to risk advocacy and recognize that human values are a fact of human existence. This monograph will be a useful resource for sociologists, social scientists, and psychologists.

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics PDF Author: Jeffrey A. Barrett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192583115
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 268

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Book Description
In this book Jeffrey A. Barrett provides an introduction to the history and conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. He begins with a description of classical mechanics and a discussion of the quantum phenomena that radically undermine our common-sense classical intuitions about how the physical world works. He then considers the physical and conceptual arguments that led to the standard von Neumann-Dirac formulation of quantum mechanics and how the standard theory explains quantum phenomena. This includes a discussion of how the theory's two dynamical laws work with the standard interpretation of states to explain determinate measurement records, quantum statistics, interference effects, entanglement, decoherence, and quantum nonlocality. A careful understanding of how the standard theory works ultimately leads to the quantum measurement problem. Barrett considers how this problem threatens the logical consistency of the standard theory and then turns to a discussion of the main proposals for resolving it. This includes collapse formulations of quantum mechanics, the various many-worlds theories, and Bohmian mechanics. In discussing alternative formulations he pays particular attention to the explanatory role played by each theory's empirical ontology and associated metaphysical commitments, and the conceptual trade-offs between theoretical options. The book is well-suited to those interested in physics and the history and philosophy of quantum mechanics.

The Conceptual Foundations of Transitional Justice

The Conceptual Foundations of Transitional Justice PDF Author: Colleen Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108228607
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Many countries have attempted to transition to democracy following conflict or repression, but the basic meaning of transitional justice remains hotly contested. In this book, Colleen Murphy analyses transitional justice - showing how it is distinguished from retributive, corrective, and distributive justice - and outlines the ethical standards which societies attempting to democratize should follow. She argues that transitional justice involves the just pursuit of societal transformation. Such transformation requires political reconciliation, which in turn has a complex set of institutional and interpersonal requirements including the rule of law. She shows how societal transformation is also influenced by the moral claims of victims and the demands of perpetrators, and how justice processes can fail to be just by failing to foster this transformation or by not treating victims and perpetrators fairly. Her book will be accessible and enlightening for philosophers, political and social scientists, policy analysts, and legal and human rights scholars and activists.