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Homer's Odyssey and the Near East

Homer's Odyssey and the Near East PDF Author: Bruce Louden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494902
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The Odyssey's larger plot is composed of a number of distinct genres of myth, all of which are extant in various Near Eastern cultures (Mesopotamian, West Semitic, Egyptian). Unexpectedly, the Near Eastern culture with which the Odyssey has the most parallels is the Old Testament. Consideration of how much of the Odyssey focuses on non-heroic episodes - hosts receiving guests, a king disguised as a beggar, recognition scenes between long-separated family members - reaffirms the Odyssey's parallels with the Bible. In particular the book argues that the Odyssey is in a dialogic relationship with Genesis, which features the same three types of myth that comprise the majority of the Odyssey: theoxeny, romance (Joseph in Egypt), and Argonautic myth (Jacob winning Rachel from Laban). The Odyssey also offers intriguing parallels to the Book of Jonah, and Odysseus' treatment by the suitors offers close parallels to the Gospels' depiction of Christ in Jerusalem.

Homer's Odyssey and the Near East

Homer's Odyssey and the Near East PDF Author: Bruce Louden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494902
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
The Odyssey's larger plot is composed of a number of distinct genres of myth, all of which are extant in various Near Eastern cultures (Mesopotamian, West Semitic, Egyptian). Unexpectedly, the Near Eastern culture with which the Odyssey has the most parallels is the Old Testament. Consideration of how much of the Odyssey focuses on non-heroic episodes - hosts receiving guests, a king disguised as a beggar, recognition scenes between long-separated family members - reaffirms the Odyssey's parallels with the Bible. In particular the book argues that the Odyssey is in a dialogic relationship with Genesis, which features the same three types of myth that comprise the majority of the Odyssey: theoxeny, romance (Joseph in Egypt), and Argonautic myth (Jacob winning Rachel from Laban). The Odyssey also offers intriguing parallels to the Book of Jonah, and Odysseus' treatment by the suitors offers close parallels to the Gospels' depiction of Christ in Jerusalem.

Reading Homer’s Odyssey

Reading Homer’s Odyssey PDF Author: Kostas Myrsiades
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 1684481325
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Finalist for the 2020 PROSE Awards, Classics section Homer’s Odyssey is the first great travel narrative in Western culture. A compelling tale about the consequences of war, and about redemption, transformation, and the search for home, the Odyssey continues to be studied in universities and schools, and to be read and referred to by ordinary readers. Reading Homer’s Odyssey offers a book-by-book commentary on the epic’s themes that informs the non-specialist and engages the seasoned reader in new perspectives. Among the themes discussed are hospitality, survival, wealth, reputation and immortality, the Olympian gods, self-reliance and community, civility, behavior, etiquette and technology, ease, inactivity and stagnation, Penelope’s relationship with Odysseus, Telemachus’ journey, Odysseus’ rejection of Calypso’s offer of immortality, Odysseus’ lies, Homer’s use of the House of Atreus and other myths, the cinematic qualities of the epic’s structure, women’s role in the epic, and the Odyssey’s true ending. Footnotes clarify and elaborate upon myths that Homer leaves unfinished, explain terms and phrases, and provide background information. The volume concludes with a general bibliography of work on the Odyssey, in addition to the bibliographies that accompany each book’s commentary. Published by Bucknell University Press. Distributed worldwide by Rutgers University Press.

People and Themes in Homer's Odyssey

People and Themes in Homer's Odyssey PDF Author: Agathe Thornton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317694635
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 178

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Book Description
Published in 1970, this important work interprets the poem with a focus on the idiosyncrasies of its originally oral composition. In part I, the main themes of the Odyssey such as ‘guest-friendship’ and ‘testing’ are investigated. The incorporation of these and other themes, such as ‘omens’ and the ‘homecomings of the Achaeans’, into the dramatic construction of the whole epic is also examined. In Part II, the main characters of the Odyssey are described: the Suitors, Telemachus, Odysseus and Penelope. So too are Theoclymenus and Laertes, whom traditional criticism has maligned or disregarded. The analysis of the characters tries to illumine features which are challenging for the contemporary reader. In the conclusion, the ‘plan’ of the Odyssey is reconstructed. The author argues that it would probably have been performed over the course of three days: two sessions each day, with each recitation maintaining its own artistic unity.

Gods and Mortals in Early Greek and Near Eastern Mythology

Gods and Mortals in Early Greek and Near Eastern Mythology PDF Author: Adrian Kelly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108480241
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 355

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Book Description
Explores the interaction between Greece and the Ancient Near East through stories about the gods and their relationships with humankind.

Homer's Odyssey

Homer's Odyssey PDF Author: Charles Weiss
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052113773X
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 193

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Book Description
An exciting series that provides students with direct access to the ancient world by offering new translations of extracts from its key texts.

Homer's Allusive Art

Homer's Allusive Art PDF Author: Bruno Currie
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191081493
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 360

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Book Description
What kind of allusion is possible in a poetry derived from a centuries-long oral tradition, and what kind of oral-derived poetry are the Homeric epics? Comparison of Homeric epic with South Slavic heroic song has suggested certain types of answers to these questions, yet the South Slavic paradigm is neither straightforward in itself nor necessarily the only pertinent paradigm: Augustan Latin poetry uses many sophisticated and highly self-conscious techniques of allusion which can, this book contends, be suggestively paralleled in Homeric epic, and some of the same techniques of allusion can be found in Near Eastern poetry of the third and second millennia BC. By attending to these various paradigms, this challenging study argues for a new understanding of Homeric allusion and its place in literary history, broaching the question of whether there can have been historical continuity in a poetics of allusion stretching from the Mesopotamian epic of Gilgamesh, via the Iliad and Odyssey, to the Aeneid and Metamorphoses, despite the enormous disparities of time and place and of language and culture, including those represented by the cuneiform tablet, the papyrus roll, and by an oral performance culture. The fundamental methodological problems are explored through a series of interlocking case studies, treating of how the Odyssey conceivably alludes to the Iliad and also to earlier poetry on Odysseus' homecoming, the Iliad to earlier poetry on the Ethiopian hero Memnon, the Homeric Hymn to Demeter to earlier poetry on Hades' abduction of Persephone, and early Greek epic to Mesopotamian mythological poetry, pre-eminently the Babylonian epic of Gilgamesh.

Conceptualising Divine Unions in the Greek and Near Eastern Worlds

Conceptualising Divine Unions in the Greek and Near Eastern Worlds PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004502521
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 334

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Book Description
This volume is an interdisciplinary investigation and contextualization of the various concepts of divine union in the private and public sphere of the Greek and Near Eastern worlds.

Homer: Odyssey XIII and XIV

Homer: Odyssey XIII and XIV PDF Author: Homer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521763541
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 271

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Book Description
New edition of the Greek text suitable for upper-level students, with full attention to literary-critical and linguistic matters.

Homer: Odyssey Books XIII and XIV

Homer: Odyssey Books XIII and XIV PDF Author: Homer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107511720
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The second part of the Odyssey takes epic in new directions, giving significant roles to people of 'lower status' and their way of life: epic notions of the primacy of the aristocrat and the achievements of the Trojan War are submitted to scrutiny. Books XIII and XIV contain some of the subtlest human exchanges in the poem, as Athena and Odysseus spar with each other and Odysseus tests the quiet patience of his swineherd Eumaeus. The principal themes and narrative structures, especially of disguise and recognition, which the second part uses with remarkable economy, are established here. The Introduction also includes a detailed historical account of the Homeric dialect, as well as sections on metre and the text itself. The Commentary on the Greek text pays particular attention to the exposition of unfamiliar linguistic forms and constructions. The literary parts of the Introduction and the Commentary are accessible to all.

Approaches to Greek Myth

Approaches to Greek Myth PDF Author: Lowell Edmunds
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 142141418X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 481

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Book Description
Segal, on psychoanalytic interpretations.