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Patterns of Culture

Patterns of Culture PDF Author: Ruth Benedict
Publisher: HMH
ISBN: 0547523920
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
An anthropologist compares three diverse societies in this groundbreaking, “unique and important” cultural study (The New York Times). A remarkable introduction to cultural studies, Patterns of Culture made history in exploring the role of culture in shaping our lives. In it, the renowned anthropologist Ruth Benedict offers an in-depth look at three societies—the Zuñi of the southwestern United States, the Kwakiutl of western Canada, and the Dobuans of Melanesia—and demonstrates the diversity of behaviors in them. Benedict’s groundbreaking study shows that a unique configuration of traits defines each human culture and she examines the relationship between culture and the individual. Featuring prefatory remarks by Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, and Louise Lamphere, who calls it “a foundational text in teaching us the value of diversity,” this provocative work ultimately explores what it means to be human. “That today the modern world is on such easy terms with the concept of culture . . . is in very great part due to this book.” —Margaret Mead

Patterns of Culture

Patterns of Culture PDF Author: Ruth Benedict
Publisher: HMH
ISBN: 0547523920
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

View

Book Description
An anthropologist compares three diverse societies in this groundbreaking, “unique and important” cultural study (The New York Times). A remarkable introduction to cultural studies, Patterns of Culture made history in exploring the role of culture in shaping our lives. In it, the renowned anthropologist Ruth Benedict offers an in-depth look at three societies—the Zuñi of the southwestern United States, the Kwakiutl of western Canada, and the Dobuans of Melanesia—and demonstrates the diversity of behaviors in them. Benedict’s groundbreaking study shows that a unique configuration of traits defines each human culture and she examines the relationship between culture and the individual. Featuring prefatory remarks by Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, and Louise Lamphere, who calls it “a foundational text in teaching us the value of diversity,” this provocative work ultimately explores what it means to be human. “That today the modern world is on such easy terms with the concept of culture . . . is in very great part due to this book.” —Margaret Mead

Patterns of Culture

Patterns of Culture PDF Author: Ruth Benedict
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781946963321
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
Facsimile of 1935 Edition. The essential idea in Patterns of Culture is, according to Margaret Mead, "her view of human cultures as 'personality writ large.'" As Benedict wrote in that book, "A culture, like an individual, is a more or less consistent pattern of thought and action". Each culture, she held, chooses from "the great arc of human potentialities" only a few characteristics which become the leading personality traits of the persons living in that culture. These traits comprise an interdependent constellation of aesthetics and values in each culture which together add up to a unique gestalt. Benedict, in Patterns of Culture, expresses her belief in cultural relativism. She desired to show that each culture has its own moral imperatives that can be understood only if one studies that culture as a whole. It was wrong, she felt, to disparage the customs or values of a culture different from one's own. Those customs had a meaning to the people who lived them which should not be dismissed or trivialized. We should not try to evaluate people by our standards alone. Morality, she argued, was relative to the values of the culture in which one operated. Contents: I. The science of custom -- II. The diversity of cultures -- III. The integration of culture -- IV. The Pueblos of New Mexico -- V. Dobu -- VI. The northwest coast of America -- VII. The nature of society -- VIII. The individual and the pattern of culture

Four Overarching Patterns of Culture

Four Overarching Patterns of Culture PDF Author: Robert Strauss
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1532693184
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
Justice has been the dominant cultural framework of people in the West for two centuries, ever since the rise of constitutional democracies. Consciously or not, most people in the West have a strong awareness of right and wrong. Their sense of morality is generally rooted in an obligation to the rule of law. In democratic societies, the rule of law ultimately relies on constitutional documents ratified by a widely-accepted process of development and implementation. For millennia, honor has been the dominant cultural framework of most people in the East and Middle East. Here, people know that speech and behavior display respect or disrespect. While pervasive in all relationships, honor and shame are most important in the family, extended family, and local community. In the East, honor is not necessarily an internal feeling, as it is in a justice culture. Honor is more often an external attribution bestowed by others rather than claimed by oneself. Harmony is prevalent globally in indigenous cultures. Many indigenous peoples do not distinguish between the supernatural and natural worlds. All aspects of life are connected. Interactions with spirit beings are the key to maintaining harmony in order to be secure. Reciprocity is a common cultural framework in the Global South. Here, one learns to develop connections with the right people in given circumstances for needed resources. These connections may or may not be characterized as “friendships” and provide not so much close friendships as reciprocal exchange. In some places, reciprocity is the means whereby one survives.

Patterns of Culture

Patterns of Culture PDF Author: Ruth Benedict
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Anthropology
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description
A study of the civilizations of the Zuni Indians, the natives of Dobu, and the Kwakiutl Indians.

The Psychology of Culture

The Psychology of Culture PDF Author: Edward Sapir
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110889463
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 289

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Book Description
This work presents Sapir's most comprehensive statement on the concepts of culture, on method and theory in anthropology and other social sciences, on personality organization, and on the individual's place in culture and society. Extensive discussions on the role of language and other symbolic systems in culture, ethnographic method, and social interaction are also included. Ethnographic and linguistic examples are drawn from Sapir's fieldwork among native North Americans and from European and American society as well. Edward Sapir (1884-1939), one of this century's leading figures in American anthropology and linguistics, planned to publish a major theoretical state - ment on culture and psychology. He developed his ideas in a course of lectures presented at Yale University in the 1930s, which attracted a wide audience from many social science disciplines. Unfortunately, he died before the book he had contracted to publish could be realized. Like de Saussure's Cours de Linguistique Générale before it, this work has been reconstructed from student notes, in this case twentytwo sets, as well as from Sapir's manuscript materials. Judith Irvine's meticulous reconstruction makes Sapir's compelling ideas - of surprisingly contemporary resonance - available for the first time.

Patterns of Adjustment and Human Effectiveness

Patterns of Adjustment and Human Effectiveness PDF Author: Richard S. Lazarus
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN:
Category : Adjustment (Psychology)
Languages : en
Pages : 716

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Anthropology

Anthropology PDF Author: Indrani Basu Roy
Publisher: S. Chand Publishing
ISBN: 9788121922593
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This textbook includes -Physical Anthropology, Prehistory and Social-Cultural Anthropology. For Students of Anthropologyin Indian Universities. • This is a valuable textbook of Anthropology which aims to serve all students of Anthropology. Each of these parts deal with specific portion of the subject matter and corresponds to the major branches of Anthropology. • The book offers has been written lucidly in simple language with plenty of examples. It offers a blueprints for the subject Anthropology as such as to satisfy the general readers also who are enthusiastic to know more and more Man.

Changement Dans L'organisation Sociale Rurale

Changement Dans L'organisation Sociale Rurale PDF Author: European Society for Rural Sociology. Congress
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Associations, institutions, etc
Languages : en
Pages : 654

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Ruth Benedict, Patterns of a Life

Ruth Benedict, Patterns of a Life PDF Author: Judith Schachter Modell
Publisher: Olympic Marketing Corporation
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
Traces the life of the great American anthropologist, discusses her friendship with Margaret Mead, and examines Benedict's most important writings

The Chrysanthemum and the Sword

The Chrysanthemum and the Sword PDF Author: Ruth Benedict
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618619597
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
Essential reading for anyone interested in Japanese culture, this unsurpassed masterwork opens an intriguing window on Japan. Benedict's World War II-era study paints an illuminating contrast between the culture of Japan and that of the United States. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword is a revealing look at how and why our cultures differ, making it the perfect introduction to Japanese history and customs.